Month: February 2016

Examples of Argument in Literature

Harriet Beecher Stowe’s book Uncle Tom’s Cabin is an example of argument within literature. Stowe was a white woman who was against slavery. At the time, her book created a lot of anger in the South, as she portrayed slave owners in a negative light. Nowadays, people view it as a racist book, because Uncle Tom is seen as too submissive to the white people. However, at the time, her book helped the abolitionists’ cause greatly. Her story was seen as an argument against slavery.


As the South was creating Jim Crow laws to prevent African Americans from voting and living freely among whites, many African Americans moved to New York City. Harlem was a gathering place for many of these displaced Americans, leading to a surge in African American creativity in many of the arts, such as jazz music, the blues, poems, books, and theatre. A famous poem by Harlem Renaissance poet Langston Hughes forces the argument that he, too, is an American. I, Too, Sing America is a simple but powerful poem asserting that while he must now be kept in the back of the house when company comes for dinner, one day Americans will see his true strength and beauty as another part of America – and HE will be at the table.

When to use Argument

Argument can be used within poems, narratives, essays, songs, and any other text. It should be used when a person wants to bring attention to an issue that requires more action or thought. It can be used to help end negative feelings toward a group, ending hostility toward others, getting people to stand together to improve situations, bring about or reinforce positive feelings, and to encourage or support.


Students in various schools use argument within their classes, particularly in their English classes as they learn the process. However, many other subjects may also use argument, such as a history class. People in advertising, marketing, and public relations may use it when they are trying to influence the public.


Examples of Argument in Popular Culture


Many books that have been made into movies have an argument within their message. Today, a lot of the post-apocalyptic book-based movies, such as The Hunger Games, The Maze Runner, and Divergent, are making arguments that society is losing its civility and will fall to primitive standards if we don’t change our ways now. The video below shows the argument in a few other movies. Shawshank Redemption (Hope is eternal); The Fight Club (Anarchy); The Sixth Sense (Perception is deception); Pinocchio (Listen to your conscience).


Music is always popular no matter what decade. Various types of music stay with us no matter what generation is listening. Many Christian artists write songs that are easily adapted by the rest of culture because the words transcend across beliefs. One such song is “Get Back up Again” by Toby Mac. The song makes the argument that life may knock us down. It’s not the end of the world; it’s all a part of life. If we don’t get back up again, we will not succeed


The Importance of Argument

Argument is an important part of literature, film, music, and advertising. People use argument throughout their day without realizing it. Poets may write simple poems or lengthy poems as they voice their opinions through argument. Rap artists use argument throughout their songs as they bring attention to issues such as poverty, prejudice, and other social issues. Advertisers are constantly trying to prove their product is best so that consumers will buy it.

Argument helps stories have a message or theme, giving literature deeper meaning and purpose. Without argument in a piece of literature, people may not enjoy the challenge of reading as much since there would be no message within the text.

How to use Argument

To use argument in a narrative, you must first decide what you want to argue. Once you have a message, your overall theme of the story should be based on this. As the plot unfolds in the story, the characters should be acting in such a way as to lead the reader to the argument you are making. For example, if you want to argue that people should respect each other despite how they’re treated, then the plot should end with the protagonist somehow overcoming an obstacle or achieving a great accomplishment due to acting in an honorable way even though he/she was treated badly. To use argument, there are several literary devices that can be used:



Writers use narratives to argue or prove a point. A narrative is a story. Within the story, the argument the writer is making will be proven throughout the plot events of the story and the following consequences of characters’ actions.


Poems/Song lyrics:

Song lyrics are a form of poem that is put to music. Poems are short pieces of literature using concise and brief language. The poet or songwriter will use various types of figurative and descriptive language to make an argument for or against a topic. Rap artists use their songs to argue against many social injustices.



Writers may use an expository essay or a speech in order to argue for a concept or idea that is important to them. Authors such as Barbara Kingsolver has used essay form to encourage readers to consider concepts such as keeping the environment green and helping others.

Feelings and learning

Some authors consider that when thoughts are registered on the basis of certain feelings, at first, details aren’t taken into account but later they are located in locations of the brain, which means, in different neuronal areas of the central nervous subsystem that function as a network, in order to shape or build parts of entities or patterns organized according to meaning by the student.

Then the individual builds, as a result of his/her superior nervous activity, cognitive structures and patterns of the objective reality, of the knowledge acquired from different features of that reality; so when faced with solving a specific issue, thanks to his/her ability to think critically, he/she compares possible patterns and comes up with a solution for the situation at hand.

Likewise, others consider that thought is where learning occurs, that isn’t nothing but the consequence of the action of a collection of mechanisms the organism puts in motion in order to adapt to its environment and that it permanently evolves. The individual assimilates first and then arranges what was assimilated.

It’s as if the organisms would explore the environment, take some of its parts, change them and later fit them into the existence of mental assimilation schemes or actions that had taken place in the past, concepts learnt beforehand which build mental schemes that enable the learning of other concepts and development of new schemes.

In turn, through these arrangements, the organism changes its own structure, mostly regarding the central nervous system, in order to adapt properly to the nature of the new aspects of the objective reality to be learnt. This is Jean Piaget’s concept of learning within a genetic psychology framework.

Currently in Didactics, there’s enough systematization, regarding its categories, which has caused failure, in some cases, to provide teachers with a theoretical and methodological approach to guide their daily tasks.

A current definition of Didactics should acknowledge its contribution to a scientific theory of teaching and learning, based on laws and principles; the bridge between instruction and education; the importance of an comprehensive diagnosis, the role of activity, communication and socialization within the process; its holistic approach on the unity of cognition, emotions and will power which prepare a human being for life and the reaction to specific social and historical conditions.